Few days ago, India & Afghanistan faced each other in ICC cricket world cup 2019 and everyone was surprise to see that the people of both countries were supporting each others. Afghani people loves India so much and consider India as their second home. So what is the reason behind the immense love between these two countries i.e India & Afghanistan?
In January 2019, USA president Donald Trump mocked PM Modi for making Library in Afghanistan saying it is of no use in the war-torn country like Afghanistan But Actually India has done so much work for the development of Afghanistan since 2001 when the Taliban were pushed out of power in Afghanistan. India has helped Afghanistan to develop their Sports, Infrastructure, Education and Many more things. Here is the 25 key projects which have been developed by India in Afghanistan for the welfare of Afghanistani people.
- The building of Afghanistan’s Parliament in Kabul : India has gifted the new Afghanistan’s parliament building. this building has a big library too so India Has gifted a library too.
2. Reconstruction of Salma Dam : Now this is known as the Afghan-India Friendship Dam.
3. Rebuilding of the Habibia High School and also provides Grants-in-Aid.
4. Establishment of the Afghan National Agriculture Sciences and Technology University (ANASTU)
5. Building the cricket stadium in Kandahar
6. Zaranj-Delaram road : India gifted the 218 kms long highway to Afghanistan which provides connectivity to the very end of South-western Afghanistan and Iran by linking Zaranj to the Kandahar-Herat highway
7. Mi-25 and Mi-35 choppers for the air force
8. Ambulances for public hospitals
9. Airbus aircraft for the national airlines : In order to get the national carrier, the Ariana Afghan Airlines, quickly operational, India gifted three airbus aircrafts, along with essential spares, and retrained airline officials to develop capacity in the civilian aviation sector of Afghanistan. India is currently in the process of extending further training opportunities in air traffic control, airport management and pilot and navigational training.
10. Provide Afghanistan’s national cricket team use an Indian stadium as its home ground :
11. 500 Scholarships and training slots for Afghan Public servants in Indian professional Institution of their choice
12. Daily supply of 100 grams of fortified, high-protein biscuits to nearly 2 million children under a School Feeding Programme administered through the World Food Programme.
13. Expand of National Television Network: For Afghanistan’s national integration and for access to public radio and television all over Afghanistan, India executed a project to uplink Radio and Television Afghanistan (RTA) and provide down link facilities in all provinces. RTA signals are now being transmitted to the provinces via the Indian satellite INSAT 3A.
14. Telecommunication : India undertook the emergency restoration of telecommunication infrastructure in 11 provinces in 2005 with installation of equipment including digital telephone exchanges, with infrastructure facilities including towers and power supply systems. In collaboration with UPU, IPU and the Government of Afghanistan, India established Multipurpose Community Tele-centres (MCTs) to provide ICT services through post offices in 12 provincial capitals in Afghanistan. The Indian component of the project was completed in September 2007.
15. Gifted hundreds of buses for the Kabul transportation system : In late 2001, after a decade of devastation and faced with the pressure of returning refugees, Kabul and the provinces found themselves bereft of public transport facilities. Responding to the need, India gifted 400 buses to Afghanistan, of which 205 were deployed in Kabul and the balance in 25 provinces of Afghanistan.
16. Ambulances supplied to Hospitals in Kabul, Herat, Kandahar, Jalalabad, Mazar-e- Sharif
17. Renovation of Indira Gandhi Institute of Child health- Kabul: This is the only children hospital in Afghanistan which is reconstructed by India Govt. India also provides training of doctors and paramedics of the hospital at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences(AIIMS) in New Delhi.
18. 500 Annual Scholarships for higher education in Indian Universities.
19. 250,000 metric tonnes of wheat.
20. India has constructed 220kV DC transmission line from Pul-e-Khumri to Kabul and a 220/110/20 kV sub-station at Chimtala to bring additional power from the northern grid to Kabul .
21. Free medical consultation and medicines through 5 Indian Medical Missions to over 30,000 Afghans monthly.
22. India gifted 285 military vehicles for the Afghan National Army.
23. Materials for substations and a transmission line in the Faryab province
24. funds to an Afghan Red Crescent Society program
25. Small Development programs : Under the Small Development Project Scheme, India has built basic health clinics in the border provinces of Badakshan, Balkh, Kandahar, Khost, Kunar, Nangarhar, Nimroz, Nooristan, Paktia and Paktika.