After the abrogation of Article 370 and 35A from erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir, Many people challenged the decision of central government in Supreme Court of India. A Constitution Bench, headed by Justice NV Ramana is hearing these cases.
Central Government has told Supreme Court of India in its affidavit that Central Govt has spent three times more money on residents of former state J&K than other states of India, but There is not any development in J&K due to Article 370 and 35A.
This affidavit filed by Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) says that Article 370 and 35A was the barrier in the development of Jammu and Kashmir despite the central government’s large monetary support.
“During 2017-18, an average amount of Rs 8,227 per person was spent in rest of India, whereas Rs 27,358 per person was spent in Jammu and Kashmir. Despite this overwhelmingly disproportionate expenditure, it was observed the developmental benefits were not percolating to the citizens of the erstwhile state,” says the Central government’s affidavit in the Supreme Court.
According to The Hindu report, Jammu and Kashmir has received 10 per cent of all Central grants given to states over the 2000-2016 period, despite having only one per cent of the country’s population.
“From 2004 to 2019, the Government of India spent Rs 2,77,000 crore for the erstwhile state of J&K. During 2011 and 2012, while only Rs 3,683 per person was given to the rest of India, Rs 14,255 per person was given to the erstwhile state,” said the affidavit.
“The unfortunate situation prevailing on the ground affected not only the people of the region but also the brave and dedicated member of the armed forces and police forces coming from different parts of the country,” said the government in its affidavit to the Supreme Court.
Central govt has also raised the issue of discrimination with women in J&K due to Article 370 and 35A.
“It prevented investment in the state and adversely impacted job creation of the youth which again resulted in a cascading effect on other developmental indicators. Women of J&K were also discriminated against if they chose to marry a non permanent resident,” the affidavit reads.
Central govt told Supreme Court that This decision has been taken in the interest of J&K as well as in the larger interest of the country, so that peace and prosperity may be restored in the region.
“Due to forces from across the border which affected the development of Jammu & kashmir and as a result of this, the erstwhile State has failed to live up to its full development potential,” added the MHA in its affidavit to Supreme Court.
For example, Uttar Pradesh makes up about 13 per cent of the country’s population but received only 8.2 per cent of Central grants in 2000-16. That means J&K, with a population of 12.55 million according to the 2011 Census, received Rs.91,300 per person over the last sixteen years while Uttar Pradesh only received Rs.4,300 per person over the same period.