Indian Navy is now working as Powerful international Navy. Information fusion center of Indian Ocean Region in Gurugram(UP) has started working from Saturday. Now Indian Navy can track every single ship in the world with accurate Real time data. Earlier Indian Navy could only track ships in Indian Ocean. India has done agreement with 43 countries in the world for this.
After the Mumbai attack, it was impossible to stay safe without the surveillance of the sea. India is surrounded by sea from three sides, which is called Indian Ocean region. The Indian Ocean is the world’s busiest waterway. One-third of the world’s goods, half the container stuff and two-thirds of the world’s oil passes through this ocean. There exists the presence of pirates, drug traffickers and terrorists. That’s why, It needed to keep the Indian Ocean region safe for both economic advancement and security.
In 2012, the foundation of information management and analysis center i.e. iMac was laid, which started working in 2014. A total of 51 radar stations were set up on the 7500 km long marine border of India, through which every single information about every ship coming into the Indian Ocean,
can be collected such as the ship’s luggage, the name of the ship and the name of the country, where it is coming from and where It is going and it can also collect the full information about the cruiser riding in the ship. These all data is coming in real time in the Gurugram’s iMAC. Feeds from cameras through 51 stations also comes to the center constantly.
Indeed, every ship has to register itself under international rules and its every activity is tracked through its automatic identification system. If a ship does not have these systems or is using someone else’s registered number then it will be immediately known. This keeps track of the entire Indian Ocean.
On Saturday, the Indian Navy has added 43 countries stations of the world in this center. That is, these countries will now be able to take advantage of the Indian Navy’s information. In return, it is possible for the Indian Navy to get information of any vessel present in every ocean of the whole world. At this moment, this center will have contact with other countries through telephone or internet, but in the future, officials of these countries will also be able to sit in this center and assist in tracking the oceans.
This iMAC was inaugurated by defence minister Shri Manohar Parrikar .
It is the Indian Navy and Coast Guard’s joint operations facility, called the Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC), at Gurgaon on 23 Nov 14. It has set up to provide coastal security and to avert tragic incidents like the 26/11 terror attack on Mumbai, the IMAC is the nodal centre of the National Command Control Communications and Intelligence Network (NC3I Network), and is a joint initiative of Indian Navy, Coast Guard and Bharat Electronics Ltd to improve coastal surveillance.
Describing it as a bold initiative’ and a reply of this great nation to the Mumbai attack, Shri Parrikar was candid to admit that the surveillance network has still some gaps which need to be plugged. He said this is an enormous task considering the fact that there are about two to three lakh fishing boats operating in our coast lines and the active cooperation of the state governments is required to achieve one hundred percent success. He also called for a change in mindset to correlate the data that would be available through the massive surveillance network to ensure zero tolerance to error’.
Shri Parrikar said, besides coastal security, we have to protect our interests in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).
Shri Parrikar said some of our neighbours are trying to get their navies in the Indian Ocean and our Navy must be watchful of their activities. “We do not want to be offensive but we must be strong enough to deter our enemies from casting an evil eye upon us”, he said.
The NC3I network links 51 Naval and Coast Guard stations, located along the coast and on island territories. The network provides these stations coastal surveillance information obtained from various sensors such as the coastal radar chain of the Indian Coast Guard and automatic tracking systems as well as electro-optical cameras. The network rides on dedicated terrestrial data circuits, as well as, satellite communication, which helps the stations in remote locations to be networked. The IMAC is the centre where data from various sensors and databases is aggregated, correlated and then disseminated to various stations for enhanced awareness. The software on which the coastal surveillance will be carried out incorporates hi-tech features like data fusion, correlation and decision support features thus facilitating better decision making.
The entire NC3I Network has been integrated by Bharat Electronics Limited, Bangalore. The project was sanctioned in Mar 12 and is presently fully functional. The IMAC construction began in Oct 12 and was completed in Jan 14.
The NC3I network and IMAC are also linked with the prestigious National Maritime Domain Awareness (NMDA) project. In the NMDA project, the NC3I network will function as the communication backbone and the IMAC will continue to be the nodal centre but will be rechristened as the NMDA Centre.
The Naval Chief Admiral RK Dhowan in his opening address said this project will go a long way in beefing up the maritime surveillance, thereby, enhancing the National Maritime Domain Awareness Project.