The winter session of Parliament has started on Monday. During this time, the Modi government will present the Citizenship Amendment Bill for discussion. It is believed that this session will be ruckus because many opposition parties including Congress have already protested about this bill.
Citizenship Amendment Bill
The Bill amends the Citizenship Act, 1955 to make illegal migrants who are Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, eligible for citizenship.
This Citizenship Amendment Bill 2016 was introduced in the Lok Sabha on 19 July 2016.
It was submitted to the Joint Parliamentary Committee on 12 August 2016. The committee has given its report on this in January, 2019.
If this bill is passed, all illegal migrant Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh will be eligible for Indian citizenship.
Apart from this, people of all six religions of these three countries will also be exempted from the rule of getting Indian citizenship. All such migrants who have been living in India for six years will be able to get citizenship here. Earlier this time limit was 11 years.
Why is there a dispute on the bill?
This bill makes religion as the basis of getting citizenship for illegal migrants and Muslim community has been exempted from this bill. This proposal has sparked controversy, because if it happens then it would be a violation of Article 14 of the Indian Constitution, which talks about the right to equality.